Good oral or dental hygiene should be established by adopting four habits: Brushing, flossing, rinsing and regular visits to the dentist and dental hygienist. It is also important to control the intake of certain foods, especially those that have a high cariogenic potential, especially sugars such as sucrose or glucose, and to avoid unhealthy habits such as smoking. The most frequent odonto-stomatological problems and diseases due to incorrect or insufficient oral or dental hygiene are Excessive development of bacterial plaque, tartar formation, halitosis, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis.
Another problem that may be due to poor oral hygiene is halitosis. Bad breath odor can be influenced by the presence of cavities, among others.
Good oral hygiene begins with proper brushing, which should be done just after each meal, intake of drinks, especially sweetened and carbonated, candy or snacks, or any food. The most important brushing, and the one that should not be missed, is the one after dinner or before sleeping.
Nevertheless, an excessive brushing can affect in an early wear of the enamel, especially if citrus fruits have been ingested after the meals, reason why the ideal thing is between two and three daily brushes.
It may also be advisable to brush before meals to reduce bacterial plaque. It is recommended that you brush your teeth for three to five minutes; that is, ten brushes for every two teeth. Preferably, it should be done with a medium sized, straight-bristled brush and a toothpaste containing sodium fluoride and triclosan. It is important to emphasize that the dentist is the one who must assess how the oral hygiene of each patient should be according to their needs. The use of chewing gum may be advisable. The action of chewing stimulates the secretion of saliva, which prevents the ph of the mouth from becoming excessively acidic. Xylitol inhibits the growth of streptococcus mutans bacteria, which causes cavities. These gums do not replace the benefits of brushing.
Brushing should be done by introducing the bristles of the brush into the space formed between the teeth. The brush should also be passed through the internal face of the cheeks, tongue, palate and gums, if they are healthy. There are sores that can be remedied by rinsing with salt water. In case of observing some anomaly it is necessary to go to the specialist.
Healthy gums do not bleed with brushing. If an evident bleeding is observed with a normal brushing, the probable thing is that, one is before a case of gingivitis; especially if it is habitual (if it is only sporadic it is probable that it is to apply excessive force when brushing). The solution is simple: go to a dentist or stomatologist to assess the situation and if necessary practice a cleaning of the gingivo-dental space. It is recommended that this professional cleaning be done periodically. Oral hygiene has been essential for health and well-being.
Place the bristles on the gum at a 45-degree angle. The bristles should be in contact with the tooth surface and the gum.
It is also recommended to clean the interdental spaces with silk, at least once a day, using a different part of the silk for each space. The impossibility of introducing the floss between the teeth is rare. If this occurs, you should consult your dentist or dental hygienist. These may be deposits of dental calculus that can only be removed by a professional.
After brushing and silking, it may be convenient to rinse with a mouthwash, especially in case of gingivitis. Mouthwashes with chlorhexidine appear to have significant antibacterial activity.
Neither is it recommended to abuse the mouthwash; that is, it is especially indicated for the elimination of bacterial plaque and for periodic maintenance, but abusing it can be totally counterproductive for the protection of the dental enamel.
In addition, mouthwashes eliminate all the bacteria in the mouth, both the harmful and the beneficial ones they defend, leaving the mouth vulnerable for a certain period of time.
Always make sure that the mouthwashes do not contain alcohol, since it has been shown that the abuse of such products affects a greater probability of contracting oral cancer.
On the other hand, the mouthwash (for example Listerine type) can help fight the bacteria that cause bad breath, dental plaque and tartar and can be used after brushing to help remineralize the tooth enamel, especially if it contains sodium fluoride.
Taking good care of your mouth and teeth throughout your life can help prevent both dental and medical problems. You can do this by brushing and flossing every day, and by visiting your dentist regularly.
The Road to Better Health
Having a healthy mouth is more important than you think. Consider what you expect your mouth to do every day. Use your mouth to eat, smile, talk and more. Poor oral health can affect all of these things.
Having a healthy mouth, teeth and gums can also have general health benefits. Systemic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease improve with better dental health.
Good oral health is not difficult to achieve, but it requires discipline. Follow these tips to take care of your mouth and teeth.
A baby’s first pair of teeth are almost completely formed at birth. At first, these teeth are “hidden” under the gums. Babies usually get their first tooth when they are about 6 months old. These baby teeth allow the baby to chew food and speak well. The baby’s first set of teeth also has the space where the permanent teeth will eventually be. They help the permanent teeth grow straight.
You can find tips on how to care for your baby’s teeth here. You can find tips for your child’s teeth here. In general, be sure to follow these suggestions.
Ongoing oral care is important as your children become teenagers. They now have adult (permanent) teeth. Helping them take care of their mouth and teeth will help them have fresh breath, a nice smile and fewer cavities. Here are some simple things you can do:
Taking good care of your mouth and teeth as an adult can help you avoid tooth loss, painful gums, or other problems. If you have any problems with your teeth or have concerns about your mouth, see your doctor or dentist right away.
Here are some useful things you can do:
Also, visit your dentist twice a year to have your teeth cleaned. If your dentist diagnoses gum disease, share this diagnosis with your clinician.
In our teeth, gums and tongue there are microscopic organisms called bacteria, capable of growing, spreading and causing disease.
This is why oral hygiene is very important, as it helps us eliminate these bacteria and thus prevent diseases such as cavities or gingivitis (inflammation of the gums).
Brushing should remove bacteria from the teeth. The teeth are brushed with an up and down movement, six times per tooth. If they brush from one side to the other, the only thing that is achieved is to carry the bacteria from one tooth to another. At the end you should gently brush your tongue.
Flossing is very important, it is the only way to clean the space between the teeth (where the brush cannot reach). Mouthwash helps remove bacteria chemically, and should be used after brushing and flossing; it is not effective on its own.
Teeth should be brushed every time food is eaten. If you eat three times, then you should brush your teeth three times. If you eat five times, then it will be five times. Watch out! Chewing gum also counts as food.
Sometimes our oral health care becomes so routine that it is not done in the best way. To avoid having cavities or other oral diseases, pay attention to these 10 simple tips that will help you maintain an effective oral hygiene.
1. Regular check-up. Go to the dentist at least once a year, and from a very early age, since cavities can appear as soon as the first tooth comes out.
2. Brush three times a day. Brush your teeth three times a day, after each meal. Essentially: before going to bed and after getting up in the morning.
3. Use fluoride toothpaste. It is advisable to use a toothpaste with fluoride to prevent the appearance of cavities.
4. Brush with head. Correct brushing consists of short, gentle, elliptical movements, without forgetting the gum line, the back teeth (difficult to reach) and the areas around the crowns of the teeth and fillings (caps). Do not share your toothbrush. The exchange of body fluids that this would promote increases the risk of infection for those who share them. This is a particularly important consideration for people with compromised immune systems or infectious diseases.
5. Replace your toothbrush often. Experts recommend renewing your toothbrush every three months to avoid periodontal disease.
6. Don’t forget to floss. Floss daily; the best time to use it is at night, since the absence of saliva while sleeping favors the action of bacterial plaque.
7. Rinse. Mouthwashes are an important aid in keeping your mouth healthy and avoiding pathologies and infections. Remember that these do not replace proper brushing of your teeth.
8. Eat a healthy diet. A varied and balanced diet also contributes to strengthening the immune system so that it can defend itself against any infection in the oral cavity. Limit snacking between meals.
9. Gum helps you. If you eat out and cannot brush your teeth, use sugar-free gum, particularly those that use xylitol as a sweetening agent (it has a certain bactericidal action). Stimulating salivary secretion leaves your teeth in contact with the best anti-caries agent that exists: your own saliva.
10. Do not abuse whiteners. Although they are effective in giving light to the teeth, when used excessively and continuously can damage the enamel.
“Mouth cleaning is not only not having yellow teeth, if we have sick teeth and we have sick gums, we are sick,” explain the experts.
Oral health is of great importance for the health of the whole body and they emphasize, “there are serious repercussions of cavities in the body. Bacteria can travel throughout the body and can cause serious pathologies”.
Prevention is the best treatment of all, so it is very important to maintain good oral hygiene habits. For this, the specialists give advice:
1. Manual or electric toothbrush?
Both are good as long as we use them correctly. In children, the electric toothbrush after the age of 12. The experts insist on being very careful with brushes that do not have a pressure sensor and use them with support, touching the gum, but not pressing them.
2. Brush your teeth at least twice a day.
Each time after eating, if the children have braces. The most important brushing is in the morning because that is when you have the greatest bacterial load.
3. Establish a brushing order.
Divide the mouth into quadrants, going from the upper to the lower area, as you want to establish the order as long as you do not forget any area of the mouth.
4. The brushing goes from the gum to the tooth.
The external faces with upward movements, the internal faces with perpendicular brushing, combine the technique with circular movements and that the bristles enter a little in the gum.
5. The teeth are brushed one by one.
The specialists stress the importance of brushing each of the teeth and remember that two brushes are not enough, we must insist. Is it advisable? 6 times on each tooth. If you use an electric toothbrush, leave it on each tooth for 3 minutes, if you use a manual toothbrush, leave it on each tooth for 2 minutes.
6. Use complementary hygiene techniques.
Fluoride rinses “the super vitamin of the teeth”. Experts recommend rinsing the mouth with fluoride only once a day and if possible at night. Use dental floss or the interdental brush and always finish with the hygiene of the tongue, “the tongue is pink, not white. A white tongue is synonymous with dirt”.
7. Be careful with meals between meals.
On the one hand, because it is when we do not brush our teeth and, on the other hand, because there is more tendency to consume sweet things. The specialist recommends that, instead of the children consuming between hours refreshments, juices or smoothies, it is preferable to give them to drink water or milk and always to choose the natural bread before the bread of mold.
Cavities and gum disease are caused by plaque, a sticky combination of bacteria and food. Plaque begins to accumulate on the teeth within minutes after eating. If teeth are not brushed every day, plaque will cause cavities and gum disease. If you do not remove the plaque, it becomes a hard deposit known as tartar that gets trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums:
Plaque and tartar can lead to a variety of problems:
Healthy teeth are clean and decay-free. Healthy gums are pink and firm. To keep your teeth and gums healthy, follow these steps
Ask your dentist:
Call your dentist if you have symptoms of tooth decay that include
Pain in the tooth that happens for no apparent reason or is caused by food, drink, brushing or flossing
Sensitivity to hot or cold foods or drinks
Seek early treatment for gum disease. Call your dentist if you have symptoms of gum disease that include
Your body is a complex machine. The foods you choose and the frequency with which you eat affect your general condition and that of your teeth and gums. If you consume too many sugary soft drinks, sweetened fruit drinks and unhealthy snacks, you could be at risk of tooth decay. Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease, but the good news is that it’s preventable.
Tooth decay occurs when bacteria come in contact with sugar in the mouth and cause acids to attack the teeth for 20 minutes or more.
Foods containing sugars of any kind can contribute to tooth decay. To control the amount of sugar you eat, read food product labels and choose foods and beverages that are low in added sugars, which are often found in soft drinks, candy, and sweets. Your doctor or registered dietitian can also provide suggestions for your daily food intake.
If your diet lacks certain nutrients, it may be more difficult for the tissues in your mouth to resist infection. This can contribute to gum disease. A severe case of gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults. Many researchers believe that the disease progresses more rapidly and is potentially more severe in people with poor nutrition.
To find out which foods are best for you, visit ChooseMyPlate.gov, a website of the Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The site contains dietary recommendations for children and adults based on their physical activity levels.
To enjoy a healthy life with healthy teeth and gums, think before you eat. It’s not just what you eat, but when you eat that makes a big difference in your oral health. The foods you eat are less harmful because more saliva is released during the meal, which helps to eliminate food from the mouth and helps to reduce the effects of acids. Always follow a balanced diet and limit snacks between meals. If you are on a special diet, follow your doctor’s advice when choosing foods.
Remember to always brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste that has the American Dental Association’s Seal of Acceptance, floss daily and visit your dentist regularly. Your dentist can help prevent problems from occurring and fix those that do occur while they are easy to treat.
Brushing your teeth is essential to maintaining proper oral health, but many times it is not enough, even after flossing.
That’s why dentists often recommend using a mouthwash after brushing to help keep your mouth and teeth healthy. What all the experts agree on is that the rinse should never be used as a substitute for brushing or flossing, but rather as a complement.
The use of a mouthwash helps maintain healthy teeth and gums, since it is able to reach places that are very difficult to reach with brushing, such as the tongue, the side walls of the mouth, gums, interdental spaces, etc., surfaces of the mouth where bacteria can settle very often where the use of a mouthwash after brushing can help reduce their proliferation.
There are different types of mouthwashes on the market, with different chemical components. Thus, for example, those containing chlorhexidine, which are frequently used in dentistry to prevent infection after dental surgery, should only be used for short periods of time since prolonged use can cause alteration in the coloring of the teeth. If what we are looking for is a rinse to fight dental caries, it should contain fluoride or if what we are looking for is to fight bad breath it should have a high content of aromatic plants such as mint.
Mouthwashes containing alcohol or those that are sold promising a whitening of the teeth are not recommended, since they have not demonstrated their effectiveness and only serve to maintain the whitening done in the clinic.
Therefore, the most appropriate mouthwash should be chosen according to what you are looking to achieve. We recommend that the dentist choose a specific mouthwash, according to the specific needs of each patient and not use the one that is most advertised.
As I mentioned before, we will use the mouthwash in the final phase of the oral hygiene process, that is, after brushing and flossing.
As for the amount we have to use, it is recommended to follow the dentist’s prescription since each type can vary in the amount of mouthwash to use.
When we have the rinse in the mouth we will have to keep it for about a minute, removing it so that it reaches most areas of the mouth. Later, after expelling it, we should not rinse our mouth with water so that it continues to work for longer.
In most cases it is sufficient to use the mouthwash once a day, although it will depend on the pathology to be treated, so it will be the dentist who will give us the precise recommendations on its use.